Differences between plant and animal cells

S.N Plant cell Animal cell
1. It is surrounded by a distinct cell wall made up of cellulose. It is surrounded by cell membrane or plasma membrane. Cell wall is absent.
2. Chlorophyll is present. Chlorophyll is absent.
3. Plastids are present. Plastids are absent.
4. Autotrophic in nutrition. Heterotrophic in nutrition.
5. Shows continuous growth. Shows limited growth upto certain age.
6. Centrosome and centrioles are generally absent except some lower forms. Centrosome and centrioles are present.
7. Vacuoles are generally present and are of large size and single or fewer. Vacuoles are absent, if present are less in number and smaller in size.
8. Starch is the reserve food material. Glycogen is the reserve food material.
9. Sense organs and nervous system are lacking. Sense organs and nervous system are present.
10. Red blood corpuscles are lacking. Circulation of red blood corpuscles takes place.
11. Larger than animal cell. Smaller than plant cell.
12. Has a distinct and definite shape. Shape of animal cell is not so definite.
13. Roughly rectangular in shape but fixed. Roughly oval or round in shape.
14. Lysosomes are found only in the eukaryotic plant cells. Found in all cells.
15. Cell plate is formed in the center of cell during cell division. Cell plate is not formed during cell division.
16. Have many simpler units of and prominent golgi apparatus. Have a single highly complex Golgi
17. Nucleus elliptical in shape. Nucleus rounded in shape.
18. It does not burst if kept in hypotonic solution. It usually bursts if placed in hypotonic solution.
19. Glyoxysomes present. Glyoxysomes are absent.

 Differences between plant and animal cells

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